Socio-Ecological Transformation of German Industry: Challenges, Actors, Strategies, and Conflicts


transform! europe is grateful to Steffen Lehndorff for granting permission to present an English translation of his updated summary of the results of a research consortium he organised on the status of the ‘socio-ecological transformation of German industry’.

The studies from the project, funded by the Rosa-Luxemburg-Foundation in cooperation with the non-profit organisation Arbeitsgruppe Alternative Wirtschaftspolitik (Working Group on Alternative Economic Policy), are available in German here.

Germany’s industrial sectors are often at the forefront of European value chains, thus their development significantly influences the employment situation of workers and their regions in other EU countries. For this reason, Roland Kulke, coordinator of the Economics Working Group of transform! europe aimed to make this publication accessible to a broader left-leaning audience across the EU.



1. No more time to lose
1.1 The challenges …
1.2 … are particularly big for Germany
1.3 The socio-ecological transformation is a process of entering new territory

2. The transformation begins: The state of play in three key industries
2.1 Drivers and Driven: The Constellation of Actors
2.2 The initiation of technological and economic upheaval in the chemical and steel industries
2.3 The initiation of the technological and economic upheaval in the automotive industry
2.4 Interim summary: Basic technological and economic prerequisites for achieving the climate targets

3. Future-oriented labour policy as the social cornerstone of green transition
3.1 Structural change and employment prospects
3.2 The whole range of labour policy

4. All eyes are on the state – rightly so, but is that enough?
4.1 Companies and their associations
4.2 Trade unions
4.3 The state alone will not fix it

5. Summary: A mammoth project with many building sites



To download the PDF document, please look for the ‘Documents’ section located on the left side of the page (or below on mobile devices)!